Non Aligned Movement

Non Aligned Movement

The Non – Aligned Movement is a movement represented by 115 members belonging to the developing countries. The movement has its origin in the Asia – Africa conference held in Bandung, Indonesia in 1955. The meeting was convened upon the invitation of the Prime Ministers of Burma, SriLanka, India, Indonesia and Pakistan and brought together … Read more

Chartist Movement

Chartist Movement

This was a movement for political and social reform during mid 19th century between 1838-1848.The Industrial Revolution had brought about great changes in the industrial life of England. It transformed the outlook of the English people. Chartist movement was possibly the first mass working class movement in the world. It followed earlier radical movements such … Read more

Reform Act of 1832

Reform Act of 1832

The most important reform of the reign of William IV was the reform of the parliament. There were many defects in the system of election and parliament was not a truly representative body. In new towns that had sprung up as a result of the industrial revolution had no right to send their representatives to … Read more

British Political Tradition

British Political Tradition

Throughout the 18th century Britain saw a considerable expansion of population as well as agricultural production and trade and commerce. Such sustained growth in turn unleashed new social and political forces in the country. By the close of the century England, Scotland and Wales were getting rapidly urbanized and witnessing the rise of new social … Read more

World Depression of 1929-1932

World Depression of 1929-1932

The world depression of 1929-1932 was unprecedented both in its intensity and impact. It witnessed a world slump in agriculture, finance and industry. It put to all hopes of a continued period of peace and prosperity. The slump in agriculture was caused by over production in certain regions and misdistribution. Agricultural slump in US was … Read more

Rise of Militarism in Japan

Militarism in Japan

The period after the decline of Feudalism saw the creation of modern state with economic development and industry and military domination at home and rapid conquests and expansion with national disaster in Japan. The destruction of Japanese cities, the surrender of armed forces and foreign occupation and Japan’s war with China marked the end of … Read more

Vienna Congress of 1815

Vienna Congress of 1815

After defeating Napoleon in the battle of Leipzig the members of victorious European coalition met at Vienna to discuss the reorganization of Europe. These powers had been disturbed by the campaigns of Napoleon and they were convinced to re-establish the states of pre 1789 in Europe. Since these victorious powers met at Vienna the political … Read more

Reformation in Europe

Reformation in Europe

Protestant Reformation Across Europe Reformation was a protest movement against certain obnoxious practices of the Roman Catholic Church and an attempt to reform it. The Protestants and reformers soon separated themselves from the Roman Catholic Church and started new Protestant Churches in the 16th century. As a result the Christians in Europe came to be … Read more

Revolution of 1830 – 1848

Revolution of 1830 - 1848

Revolution of 1830 The revolution of 1830 was brought about by the reactionary policies of Charles X.This Bourbon monarch wanted to reestablish the pre-revolution prestige of monarchy and this outlook forced the masses to raise the banner of revolution. After the defeats of Napoleon in the battles of Leipzig and Waterloo old Bourbon dynasty was … Read more

Chinese Revolution

The Chinese Revolution

The Chinese Revolution The Chinese Communist Revolution refers to the emergence of China as communist nation in 1949.This revolution led to the success of Chinese communist party in its war against the KMT government. The communist forces succeeded in defeating the government of Chiang Kai Shek and that led to emergence of communist China. Since … Read more