Reform Act of 1832

Reform Act of 1832

The most important reform of the reign of William IV was the reform of the parliament. There were many defects in the system of election and parliament was not a truly representative body. In new towns that had sprung up as a result of the industrial revolution had no right to send their representatives to … Read more

British Political Tradition

British Political Tradition

Throughout the 18th century Britain saw a considerable expansion of population as well as agricultural production and trade and commerce. Such sustained growth in turn unleashed new social and political forces in the country. By the close of the century England, Scotland and Wales were getting rapidly urbanized and witnessing the rise of new social … Read more

Vienna Congress of 1815

Vienna Congress of 1815

After defeating Napoleon in the battle of Leipzig the members of victorious European coalition met at Vienna to discuss the reorganization of Europe. These powers had been disturbed by the campaigns of Napoleon and they were convinced to re-establish the states of pre 1789 in Europe. Since these victorious powers met at Vienna the political … Read more

The Rise and Fall of Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon was the product of prevailing political, administrative, social, economic and religious conditions in France. The rise of Napoleon as a first counsel in 1799 opened a new chapter in French history. This revolution had played an important role in his rise. The socio-economic order of pre revolution France was characterized by class privileges and … Read more

Feudalism

Feudalism

It means a social system of rights and duties based on land tenures and personal relationships in which land is held in fief by vassals from lords. It means a feudal society flourished in closed agrarian economy and has certain general characteristics besides the mere presence of lords, vassals and fiefs. So the socio-economic political … Read more