Importance of Sher Shah Suri and Sur Dynasty

Sher Shah Suri

Surs had founded the Second Afghan Empire in India. They introduced a new concept of sovereignty and effected a reorientation of a political institution. But the importance of Surs lies principally in having produced SherShah who by virtue of his conquests and administrative reforms earned for himself a place of honor among the rulers and … Read more

History of Medieval India

Medieval India

Medieval India The period from the 8th to 12th century in political life in India is particularly dominated by the presence of large number of states. The bigger ones tried to establish their supremacy in northern India and the Deccan. The main contenders in this struggle for supremacy were the Pratiharas, the Palas and the … Read more

History of the Maratha Empire

The Marathas

The Marathas During the second half of the 17th century the Marathas had become powerful. Shivaji contributed towards the rise and growth of Maratha power in India. The history of the Marathas can be divided into two well marked phases – early phase from the latter half of the 17th century till the death of … Read more

Decline of Mughal Empire

Decline of Mughal Empire

Aurangzeb’s death in 1706 set off the rapid decline of the Mughal Empire. His successors were weak and increasingly became mere tools in the hands of the nobles. Taking advantage of this the Rajputs, Sikhs and the Afghans openly defied the authority of Mughal emperor. Even more disturbing was the fact that the assertion of … Read more

Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire

The Muhgals were the descendents of Mongols and Turks. Zahiruddin Muhmammad Babar the founder of Mughal Empire in India was related to Timur from his father’s side and to Changez Khan through his mother. The rule of Mughal starting from 1526 to 1857 has greatly contributed to the history of India. Mansabdari System in Mughal … Read more

Mughal Empire | Rulers

Mughal Empire | Rulers

The Muhgals were the descendents of Mongols and Turks. The rule of Mughal starting from 1526 to 1857 has greatly contributed to the history of India. Mughal’s Rajput policy vs Afghan policy Akbar and his successor’s were not in favour of ending Rajput ruling families. They aimed at converting them into subordinate allies. They opposed … Read more

Feudalism Medieval India

Feudalism Medieval India

Feudalism in Early Medievel India Feudalism became an important feature of the political system of North India between 750 and 1200 AD. This was because the authority of the rulers had been limited in many ways. The ministers were appointed on the hereditary basis and became all powerful. There were numerous feudal chiefs who had … Read more

Delhi Sultanate Architecture

Delhi Sultanate Architecture

Architecture under the Sultanate The Turkish rulers utilized the services of the local designers and craftsmen who were among the most skilful in the world. The new fusion that started to take place avoided the extreme simplicity of the Islamic architecture and the lavish decoration of the earlier Indian architecture. Among the first buildings to … Read more

Delhi Sultanate | Tughlaq Dynasty

Delhi Sultanate | Tughlaq Dynasty

Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq laid the foundation of the Tughlaq dynasty. The Tughlaq was the personal name of the Ghiyasuddin. According to some scholars the Tughlaqs belonged to the race of Qarauna Turks. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq had to face numerous problems as the sultan. There were riots in various parts of the empire and the royal treasury was … Read more